Understanding the Inverse of (A + B)
The inverse of a matrix, denoted by A⁻¹, is a matrix that, when multiplied by the original matrix, results in the identity matrix. While finding the inverse of a single matrix is straightforward, the inverse of the sum of two matrices, (A + B)⁻¹, is not as simple.
Key Point: There is no general formula to directly calculate (A + B)⁻¹ from A⁻¹ and B⁻¹.
Here's why:
 Matrix Addition is not Distributive over Inversion: Matrix inversion is not distributive, meaning (A + B)⁻¹ ≠ A⁻¹ + B⁻¹.
 Matrix Inverses are Unique: Each invertible matrix has only one inverse. Therefore, the inverse of the sum cannot be simply calculated by adding the individual inverses.
What Can We Do?
While a direct formula doesn't exist, we can still find (A + B)⁻¹ using these methods:

Direct Calculation: If (A + B) is invertible, we can find its inverse using standard matrix inversion techniques like Gaussian elimination or the adjoint method.

Using the Woodbury Identity: This identity provides a way to calculate the inverse of a matrix with a specific structure: (A + UCV)⁻¹ = A⁻¹  A⁻¹U(C⁻¹ + VA⁻¹U)⁻¹VA⁻¹
 A is the main matrix.
 U, V, C are matrices that modify the main matrix.
This formula can be used if we can express (A + B) in the form (A + UCV), making it easier to calculate the inverse.
Important Considerations:
 Invertibility: (A + B) must be invertible for its inverse to exist. This means the determinant of (A + B) must be nonzero.
 Matrix Dimensions: Matrices A and B must have the same dimensions to be added.
Example:
Let's say we have two matrices, A and B:
A = [[1, 2], [3, 4]]
B = [[5, 6], [7, 8]]
We can calculate (A + B) and then use standard techniques to find its inverse.
Conclusion:
Finding the inverse of (A + B) requires a different approach compared to finding the inverse of individual matrices. Direct calculation or the Woodbury Identity offer methods for obtaining (A + B)⁻¹ when applicable. Understanding the limitations and available methods helps navigate this aspect of matrix algebra.