## Exploring the Expression (x+1)(x^2-x+1)

This article will explore the expression **(x+1)(x^2-x+1)**, a seemingly simple product of two polynomials, and uncover its interesting properties.

### Expanding the Expression

We can expand the expression using the distributive property (or FOIL method):

(x+1)(x^2-x+1) = x(x^2-x+1) + 1(x^2-x+1)

= x^3 - x^2 + x + x^2 - x + 1

= **x^3 + 1**

### Recognizing a Special Pattern

Notice that the expanded form, **x^3 + 1**, is a sum of cubes. This pattern arises because the second factor in the original expression, **x^2 - x + 1**, is a special trinomial known as the "sum of cubes" pattern.

### The Sum of Cubes Pattern

The sum of cubes pattern states that:

**a^3 + b^3 = (a + b)(a^2 - ab + b^2)**

In our case, we can see that:

- a = x
- b = 1

Substituting these values into the pattern, we get:

**x^3 + 1 = (x + 1)(x^2 - x + 1)**

This confirms our initial expansion and highlights the special pattern involved.

### Applications of the Sum of Cubes Pattern

The sum of cubes pattern has applications in various areas, including:

**Factoring expressions:**Recognizing the pattern allows us to factor expressions like x^3 + 1 easily.**Solving equations:**By applying the pattern, we can solve equations involving cubes.**Simplifying expressions:**The pattern can be used to simplify complex expressions with cubes.

### Conclusion

The expression (x+1)(x^2-x+1) is more than just a simple product of polynomials. It demonstrates the fascinating sum of cubes pattern and highlights the importance of recognizing and applying these patterns in mathematics. By understanding this pattern, we gain valuable tools for factoring, solving equations, and simplifying expressions.